The typical and ineffective arm position at the completion of the entry is shown below. Note that the arm is parallel to the surface.

This position is ineffective because:

  • the leverage is very poor,
  • time is wasted before the arm is in position to generate propulsion, and
  • there is unnecessary stress on the shoulder.

An effective arm entry requires a downward angle so that at the completion of the entry, the hand is the below the elbow and shoulder.
Entry Phase TechniqueEntry PhaseEntry Phase Technique

This position is effective because:

  • the leverage is improved,
  • wasted time is eliminated,
  • shoulder stress is minimized.